Iran’s Media Landscape: Law, Policy and Media Freedom
Human Communication. A Publication of the Pacific and Asian Communication Association. Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 239-254, 2010
16 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2018
Date Written: 2010
Iran as a very ancient country is experiencing a different kind of media policy that is based on freedom, religion and social responsibility. A general look at the media in Iran shows that during the period after the Islamic Revolution considerable development had taken place in the area of media freedom. A wide range of press media is currently available in Iran. Because of high attentions to the radio and TV as a national university, it remains the most popular medium. In terms of online media, Iran is one of few countries in the world where the new form of journalism - online journalism - and a new type of media – online only news organizations - have received serious attention and development in the last 9 years. Iran has the largest number of blogs in the world after China and the online internet media in Iran is going to be as a mass media. However, while the Iranian press has displayed great diversity and vibrancy, some basic legal safeguards for media freedom are still lacking. After 30 years of Islamic Revolution, the press remains vulnerable. In spite of a lot of improvement in media legislation, media freedom is still an issue and there are several intermixed legal and educational obstacles that directly or indirectly damage the development of the media freedom. These obstacles are includes; decreasing professional standards of journalism, the complexity of new media and the lack of updating media legislation, the limitation or monopoly of media publication, the independence of the Judiciary, the lack of clear definition of “Media offense” and “Media court” in the law, and unbalanced distribution of government subsidies to the press. For further development and toward desirable climate for media freedom in Iran, a lot of decisions need to be made to address these obstacles, especially in terms of legislation and Education of Journalists.
Keywords: Iran, Media Landscape, Law, Policy
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