Social Welfare and ISIS Foreign Fighters

Gouda, M., & Marktanner, M. (2021). Social Welfare and ISIS Foreign Fighters. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10610-021-09485-4

43 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2018 Last revised: 8 Dec 2021

See all articles by Moamen Gouda

Moamen Gouda

Graduate School of International and Area Studies (GSIAS), Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS); Marburg Center for Institutional Economics; Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Marcus Marktanner

Kennesaw State University - Michael J. Coles College of Business

Date Written: June 29, 2018

Abstract

Recently, there have been numerous reports about Islamic State (IS) fighters receiving welfare payments from their home countries, sometimes for many years. In this study, we empirically investigate the hypothesis that social welfare has a positive effect on IS recruitment, by increasing potential terrorists’ capacity for joining IS in Syria and Iraq. Unlike previous empirical research on welfare and terrorism, we find considerable evidence that countries that have more social welfare spending tend to witness a higher number of its citizens joining IS overseas. The hypothesis is mostly confirmed in OECD countries where a 1% increase in the social safety spending (%GDP) increases the number of foreign fighters by 0.87%.

Keywords: Conflict, Empirical Conflict Research, Terrorism Financing, Islamic State, Terrorism

JEL Classification: D74, F51, F52, J22, N45

Suggested Citation

Gouda, Moamen and Marktanner, Marcus, Social Welfare and ISIS Foreign Fighters (June 29, 2018). Gouda, M., & Marktanner, M. (2021). Social Welfare and ISIS Foreign Fighters. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10610-021-09485-4, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3205593 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3205593

Moamen Gouda (Contact Author)

Graduate School of International and Area Studies (GSIAS), Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS) ( email )

270 Imun-Dong
Dongdaemun-Gu
Seoul, 130-791
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/moamengoudaecon/

Marburg Center for Institutional Economics ( email )

Universitätsstrasse 24
Marburg, D-35032
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.uni-marburg.de/fb02/macie/index_html?set_language=en

Economic Research Forum (ERF) ( email )

21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly St.
(P.O. Box: 12311)
Dokki, Cairo
Egypt

Marcus Marktanner

Kennesaw State University - Michael J. Coles College of Business ( email )

560 Parliament Garden Way
Kennesaw, GA 30144
United States

HOME PAGE: http://coles.kennesaw.edu/faculty/marktanner-marcus.php

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
32
Abstract Views
375
PlumX Metrics