Use of Extra-School Time and Child Behaviours: Evidence from the UK

38 Pages Posted: 2 Jul 2018

See all articles by Elena Claudia Meroni

Elena Claudia Meroni

Joint Research Center of the European Commission

Daniela Piazzalunga

FBK-IRVAPP

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER)

Abstract

In this paper, we study the effects of extra-school activities on children's non-cognitive development, using data from the Millennium Cohort Study (UK) and focusing on children aged 7-11 years old. We classify the time spent out of school into six homogenous groups of activities, using principal component analysis, and estimate the relationship thereof with five behavioural dimensions drawn from the Strength and Difficulties questionnaire, exploiting the panel structure of the data.Results show the beneficial effects on children's behaviour of sports, school-related activities, time with parents and household chores, while a small detrimental effect of video-screen time is detected. We test the robustness of our estimates against omitted variable bias, and the results are confirmed. We also observe that children from more advantaged backgrounds have easier access to more beneficial activities. Overall, our results suggest that different uses of time may reinforce inequalities across children from different backgrounds.

Keywords: child time use, extra-curricular activities, Strengths and Difficulties questionnaire, longitudinal data, Millennium Cohort Study, non-cognitive development, omitted variable bias

JEL Classification: J13, D1

Suggested Citation

Meroni, Elena Claudia and Piazzalunga, Daniela and Pronzato, Chiara, Use of Extra-School Time and Child Behaviours: Evidence from the UK. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11606, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3205893

Elena Claudia Meroni (Contact Author)

Joint Research Center of the European Commission

Via E. Fermi 2749
Ispra (VA), I-21027
Italy

Daniela Piazzalunga

FBK-IRVAPP ( email )

via Santa Croce 77
Trento, 38122
Italy
(+39) 0461 31 2288 (Phone)

Chiara Pronzato

University of Essex - Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER) ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

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