Temporary Protected Status and Immigration to the United States

51 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2018  

David A. Leblang

University of Virginia; University of Virginia - College of Arts and Sciences; University of Virginia - Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics; University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy

Benjamin Helms

University of Virginia (UVA), Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics, Students

Alexa Iadarola

University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy

Ankita Satpathy

University of Virginia (UVA), Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics, Students

Kelsey Hunt

University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy

Rebecca Brough

University of Virginia (UVA), Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics, Students

Eric Xu

University of Virginia (UVA), Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics, Students

Mahesh Rao

University of Virginia - Department of Environmental Sciences

Date Written: June 30, 2018

Abstract

Although immigration reform has proved elusive for more than forty years, presidents from both parties have issued crucial executive actions that regulate inflows of new immigrants and the status of those already in the US. We focus on a particular class of executive actions, those related to granting immigrants Temporary Protected Status (TPS), exploiting the fact that immigrants who hold TPS receive access to the formal US labor market regardless of their legal status. Harnessing the New Economics of Labor Migration (NELM), we hypothesize that granting TPS to immigrants increases remittances to crisis-affected countries, decreasing the demand for both legal and illegal entry into the United States. We find robust statistical support for this hypothesis, and we also use synthetic control methods to evaluate TPS as a policy lever in prominent TPS-eligible countries. Our findings shed light on potentially unintended consequences that flow from providing labor market access to immigrants in the United States.

Keywords: Immigration, Remittances, Apprehensions, New Economics of Labor Migration

JEL Classification: F22, F24

Suggested Citation

Leblang, David A. and Helms, Benjamin and Iadarola, Alexa and Satpathy, Ankita and Hunt, Kelsey and Brough, Rebecca and Xu, Eric and Rao, Mahesh, Temporary Protected Status and Immigration to the United States (June 30, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3206009 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3206009

David A. Leblang (Contact Author)

University of Virginia ( email )

PO Box 400787
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22904
United States

University of Virginia - College of Arts and Sciences ( email )

VA
United States

University of Virginia - Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics ( email )

PO Box 400787
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22904
United States

University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy ( email )

235 McCormick Rd.
P.O. Box 400893
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4893
United States

Benjamin Helms

University of Virginia (UVA), Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics, Students ( email )

PO Box 400787
Charlottesville, VA 22904
United States

Alexa Iadarola

University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy ( email )

235 McCormick Rd.
P.O. Box 400893
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4893
United States

Ankita Satpathy

University of Virginia (UVA), Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics, Students ( email )

PO Box 400787
Charlottesville, VA 22904
United States

Kelsey Hunt

University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy ( email )

235 McCormick Rd.
P.O. Box 400893
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4893
United States

Rebecca Brough

University of Virginia (UVA), Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics, Students ( email )

PO Box 400787
Charlottesville, VA 22904
United States

Eric Xu

University of Virginia (UVA), Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics, Students ( email )

PO Box 400787
Charlottesville, VA 22904
United States

Mahesh Rao

University of Virginia - Department of Environmental Sciences ( email )

291 McCormick Road
P.O. Box 400123
Charlottesville, VA 22904
United States

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