Mine, Ours and Yours? Unintended Framing Effects in Dictator Games
18 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2018
Date Written: May 18, 2018
This paper reports results from a classroom dictator game comparing the effects of three different sets of standard instructions. The results show that seemingly small differences in instructions induce fundamentally different perceptions regarding entitlement. Behavior is affected accordingly, i.e. instructions inducing subjects to perceive the task as distributive rather than a task of generosity lead to higher allocations to receivers (average 52% vs. 35%). A theoretical explanation integrating monetary as well as social incentives and emphasizing potential effects of uncertainty about the latter is discussed (cf. Bergh and Wichardt, 2018).
Keywords: dictator games, framing effects, property rights, social preferences
JEL Classification: C700, C910, D630
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation