Measuring and Changing Control: Women's Empowerment and Targeted Transfers

31 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2018

See all articles by Ingvild Almås

Ingvild Almås

Stockholm University - Institute for International Economic Studies (IIES)

Alex Armand

University of Navarra

Orazio Attanasio

University College London - Department of Economics; Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Pedro Carneiro

Georgetown University

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 2018

Abstract

This article uses a novel identification strategy to measure power in the household. Our strategy is to elicit women's willingness to pay to receive a cash transfer instead of their spouse receiving it. We selected participants from a sample of women who had already participated in a policy intervention in Macedonia offering poor households cash transfers conditional on having their children attending secondary school. The programme randomised transfers at the municipality level to either household heads (generally a male) or mothers. We show that women who were offered the transfer on average have stronger measured empowerment. Here, IV estimation confirms this result.

Suggested Citation

Almås, Ingvild and Armand, Alex and Attanasio, Orazio and Carneiro, Pedro, Measuring and Changing Control: Women's Empowerment and Targeted Transfers (July 2018). The Economic Journal, Vol. 128, Issue 612, pp. F609-F639, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3209004 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12517

Ingvild Almås (Contact Author)

Stockholm University - Institute for International Economic Studies (IIES) ( email )

Stockholm, SE-10691
Sweden

Alex Armand

University of Navarra ( email )

Camino del Cerro del Aguila, 3
Pamplona, Navarra 31080
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://alexarmand.org

Orazio Attanasio

University College London - Department of Economics ( email )

Gower Street
London WC1E 6BT, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom
+44 20 7679 5880 (Phone)
+44 20 7916 2775 (Fax)

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Pedro Carneiro

Georgetown University ( email )

Washington, DC 20057
United States

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