How to Measure Research Efficiency in Higher Education? Research Grants vs. Publication Output

13 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2018

See all articles by Sabine Gralka

Sabine Gralka

TU Dresden

Klaus Wohlrabe

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute

Lutz Bornmann

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

Date Written: June 01, 2018

Abstract

An ongoing debate in the literature on efficiency of higher education institutions concerns the indicator for research output in the empirical analysis. While several studies chose to use the number of publications, others rely on the overall amount of research grants. The present study investigates whether both lead to similar or different assessments of universities. Besides the amount of research grants and the absolute number of publications, the number of publications belonging to the 10% and 1% most frequently cited papers in the corresponding subject category and publication year are evaluated. We show that there is a high correlation of efficiency values between the estimations using these indicators; however, the concordance is partly lower. The results do not only provide a helpful guideline for researchers, but are also valuable for policy makers deciding which incentives to create through funding.

Keywords: efficiency, data envelopment analysis, stochastic frontier analysis, higher education, universities, Germany

JEL Classification: A230, H520, I210, I230, D610

Suggested Citation

Gralka, Sabine and Wohlrabe, Klaus and Bornmann, Lutz, How to Measure Research Efficiency in Higher Education? Research Grants vs. Publication Output (June 01, 2018). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 7055. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3210550

Sabine Gralka (Contact Author)

TU Dresden ( email )

M√ľnchner Platz 2 - 3
Dresden, 01069
Germany

Klaus Wohlrabe

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, 01069
Germany

Lutz Bornmann

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich ( email )

Lausanne CH-1001
Switzerland
+41 44 632 48 25 (Phone)
+41 44 632 12 83 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.psh.ethz.ch/people/bornmann/

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
43
Abstract Views
129
PlumX Metrics