Local Institutions’ Role in Enhancing Climate Change Adaptation of Rural Farmers in Semi-Arid Ecosystems in Northern Ghana Using Social Network Analysis

6 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2018

See all articles by Mawulolo Yomo

Mawulolo Yomo

West African Science services Centre on Climate and Adapted Land use (WASCAL)

Grace B. Villamor

Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, Centre for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn,

Mawuli Aziadekey

Université de Lomé

Felix Olorunfemi

4Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, Nigeria

Date Written: July 10, 2018

Abstract

This paper investigates how local institutions enable farm households to respond and adapt to climate change impacts on their livelihood. A case study of adapting to drought events associated with crop failure in northern Ghana is used to discuss the role of local institutions in enabling adaptation among local farmers. A total of 49 semi-structured interviews with key representatives of various local institutions from different sectors (e.g., agriculture, disaster management, banking, forestry and community development) were conducted to bring out adaptation options provided while about 120 farm households were randomly interviewed to assess their perceptions about their livelihood outcomes and local institutions accessibility. We assessed the local institutions’ accessibility and support using social network analysis (SNA) and descriptive analysis, respectively. The results revealed that local institutions play a key role in farm households’ adaptation by reducing their vulnerability and by building their capacity to respond to climate change impacts on their livelihood. Besides, the classification of local institutions based on their relevance in adaptation has shown a variety of roles among these institutions. While some act as the core of adaptation, others represent either mediators or brokers or resources flow controllers. Knowing the role of local institutions in farm households’ adaptation process and their relevance based classes is a step forward in building their capacity in areas not yet addressed, in ensuring effective resources allocation, but also in avoiding maladaptation, essential for farm households’ adaptation to future change in the climate.

Keywords: Adaptation option, climate change, social network analysis, vulnerability

Suggested Citation

Yomo, Mawulolo and Villamor, Grace B. and Aziadekey, Mawuli and Olorunfemi, Felix, Local Institutions’ Role in Enhancing Climate Change Adaptation of Rural Farmers in Semi-Arid Ecosystems in Northern Ghana Using Social Network Analysis (July 10, 2018). PAUWES Research-2-Practice Forum 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3211273 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3211273

Mawulolo Yomo (Contact Author)

West African Science services Centre on Climate and Adapted Land use (WASCAL) ( email )

Togo

Grace B. Villamor

Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, Centre for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, ( email )

Walter-Flex-Str. 3
Bonn, 53113
Germany

Mawuli Aziadekey

Université de Lomé ( email )

LOME, 1515
Togo

Felix Olorunfemi

4Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, Nigeria ( email )

Nigeria

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