Ethnic Considerations of Choice of Livelihood Coping Strategies to Combat Climate Change and Variability: A Gender Perspective

5 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2018

See all articles by Mark McCarthy Akrofi

Mark McCarthy Akrofi

Pan African University Institute of Water and Energy Sciences

Katherine Kaunza Millar

University for Development Studies

David Millar

University for Development Studies-Wa Campus

Date Written: July 10, 2018

Abstract

Humans by nature make efforts to cope with climate variability and change, however, adaptation to climate change manifest in varied ways and forms. From an ethnic and gender perspective, this study examined the choice of livelihood coping strategies in the face of climate variability in the Kasena-Nankana Municipality and the Bongo District in the Upper East Region of Ghana. The concurrent mixed method approach was used. A sample size of 312 rural farmers (194 males and 118 females; age range of 18-73 years), were involved in the study. Two Focus Group Discussions (between 8 to 12 members each) were conducted in each community. Quantitative data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences. An application of the Chi-square test revealed that, most coping strategies had very significant relationships with ethnicity, with P Values of less than .001 (P< .001). Gender however, didn’t have a significant relationship with coping strategies adopted as P-Values for all coping strategies except collecting and storing of grasses during the rainy season (x2=4.41, p=0.04) were greater than the significance level of 0.05. It was further revealed that Women have limited capacities to cope with climate change than men.

Keywords: Coping Strategy; Ethnicity, Gender; Climate Variability, Climate Change

Suggested Citation

Akrofi, Mark McCarthy and Millar, Katherine Kaunza and Millar, David, Ethnic Considerations of Choice of Livelihood Coping Strategies to Combat Climate Change and Variability: A Gender Perspective (July 10, 2018). PAUWES Research-2-Practice Forum 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3211353 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3211353

Mark McCarthy Akrofi (Contact Author)

Pan African University Institute of Water and Energy Sciences ( email )

c/o Tlemcen University, B.P. 119
Pôle Chetouane
Tlemcen, 13000
Algeria

Katherine Kaunza Millar

University for Development Studies ( email )

P.O. Box TL 1350
Tamale
Ghana

David Millar

University for Development Studies-Wa Campus ( email )

Ghana

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
35
Abstract Views
236
PlumX Metrics