Ethnic Considerations of Choice of Livelihood Coping Strategies to Combat Climate Change and Variability: A Gender Perspective
5 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2018
Date Written: July 10, 2018
Humans by nature make efforts to cope with climate variability and change, however, adaptation to climate change manifest in varied ways and forms. From an ethnic and gender perspective, this study examined the choice of livelihood coping strategies in the face of climate variability in the Kasena-Nankana Municipality and the Bongo District in the Upper East Region of Ghana. The concurrent mixed method approach was used. A sample size of 312 rural farmers (194 males and 118 females; age range of 18-73 years), were involved in the study. Two Focus Group Discussions (between 8 to 12 members each) were conducted in each community. Quantitative data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences. An application of the Chi-square test revealed that, most coping strategies had very significant relationships with ethnicity, with P Values of less than .001 (P< .001). Gender however, didn’t have a significant relationship with coping strategies adopted as P-Values for all coping strategies except collecting and storing of grasses during the rainy season (x2=4.41, p=0.04) were greater than the significance level of 0.05. It was further revealed that Women have limited capacities to cope with climate change than men.
Keywords: Coping Strategy; Ethnicity, Gender; Climate Variability, Climate Change
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