Artificial Intelligence and Pediatrics: A Synthetic Mini Review
5 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2018
Date Written: July 13, 2017
The use of artificial intelligence intelligence (AI) in medicine can be traced back to 1968 when Paycha published his paper Le diagnostic a l’aide d’intelligences artificielles: presentation de la premiere machine diagnostri. Few years later Shortliffe et al. presented an expert system named Mycin which was able to identify bacteria causing severe blood infections and to recommend antibiotics. Despite the fact that Mycin outperformed members of the Stanford medical school in the reliability of diagnosis it was never used in practice due to a legal issue - who do you sue if it gives a wrong diagnosis?. However only in 2016 when the artificial intelligence software built into the IBM Watson AI platform correctly diagnosed and proposed an effective treatment for a 60-year-old woman’s rare form of leukemia the AI use in medicine become really popular.
Keywords: pediatrics, artificial intelligence
JEL Classification: I10
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