Artificial Intelligence and Pediatrics: A Synthetic Mini Review

5 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2018

See all articles by Peter Kokol

Peter Kokol

University of Maribor - Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Jernej Završnik

Community Healthcare Center Dr. Adolf Drolc Maribor

Helena Blažun Vosner

University of Maribor - Center for International Cooperation

Date Written: July 13, 2017

Abstract

The use of artificial intelligence intelligence (AI) in medicine can be traced back to 1968 when Paycha published his paper Le diagnostic a l’aide d’intelligences artificielles: presentation de la premiere machine diagnostri. Few years later Shortliffe et al. presented an expert system named Mycin which was able to identify bacteria causing severe blood infections and to recommend antibiotics. Despite the fact that Mycin outperformed members of the Stanford medical school in the reliability of diagnosis it was never used in practice due to a legal issue - who do you sue if it gives a wrong diagnosis?. However only in 2016 when the artificial intelligence software built into the IBM Watson AI platform correctly diagnosed and proposed an effective treatment for a 60-year-old woman’s rare form of leukemia the AI use in medicine become really popular.

Keywords: pediatrics, artificial intelligence

JEL Classification: I10

Suggested Citation

Kokol, Peter and Završnik, Jernej and Vosner, Helena Blažun, Artificial Intelligence and Pediatrics: A Synthetic Mini Review (July 13, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3213183 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3213183

Peter Kokol (Contact Author)

University of Maribor - Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science ( email )

Slovenia

Jernej Završnik

Community Healthcare Center Dr. Adolf Drolc Maribor ( email )

Slovenia

Helena Blažun Vosner

University of Maribor - Center for International Cooperation

Slovenia

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