Does Promoting Homeownership Always Damage Labour Market Performances?
CRREP working paper serie 2018-12
26 Pages Posted: 16 Jul 2018
Date Written: July 01, 2018
In this paper we analyse the link between homeownership and various aggregate and individual labour market outcomes. Our aim is to investigate the likely consequences of public policies that promote homeownership. To this end, we develop a circular firm-worker matching model with Nash-bargained wage setting and free market entry. Homeowners are assumed to be less mobile than tenants and to bear higher mobility costs. Our numerical exercises show that tenants usually have lower unemployment rates and lower wage rates than homeowners. Importantly, workersʼ performances do not necessarily improve following an increase in the proportion of homeowners. The latter crucially depends on the relative utility enjoyed by homeowners and tenants when unemployed. In the aggregate, nevertheless, we find that the unemployment rate generally increases following an increase in the proportion of homeowners. Yet, the link between the two can be reversed if the homeownersʼ utility is lower than that of tenants when unemployed. Our model thus identifies a number of conditions under which Oswaldʼs conjecture is likely to hold or not. Thus, our results do not necessarily support the view that policies fostering homeownership are adequate public policies given their potentially negative effect on the labour market.
Keywords: Stochastic job matching, Homeownership, Unemployment, Mobility
JEL Classification: H31, J61, J64, R23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation