Venture Capital and the Invention to Innovation Transition

32 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2018

See all articles by Pere Arque-Castells

Pere Arque-Castells

University of Groningen (Innovation Management and Strategy)

Date Written: July 6, 2018

Abstract

Entrepreneurial innovation involves turning embryonic inventions into marketable innovations through costly technology development. Do venture capitalists (VCs) target their funding and managerial efforts to technology development or do they support later stages of the innovation cycle involving mostly commercialization? To answer this question we merge a list of first-round venture capital (VC) investments with an innovation survey of Spanish companies. We document changes in the innovative activity of VC-backed firms around first round VC investments which suggest that VCs fund technology development. First, the composition of R&D shifts from basic research to technology development. Second, the financing structure of R&D shows a greater reliance of external funds. Third, improved access to external funds reduces the intensity of financial constraints as an obstacle to innovation. Fourth, there is a slowdown in patenting and invention. Fifth, there is a substantial increase in the share of innovative sales.

Keywords: Venture Capital, Invention, Innovation, Technology

JEL Classification: G24, O31, O32, O38

Suggested Citation

Arqué Castells, Pere, Venture Capital and the Invention to Innovation Transition (July 6, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3214823 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3214823

Pere Arqué Castells (Contact Author)

University of Groningen (Innovation Management and Strategy) ( email )

Nettelbosje 2
Innovation Management and Strategy
Groningen, 9747 AE
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.arque-castells.com

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