Stakeholder Participation in Climate Change Adaptation Policies: A Case in Vietnam

13 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2018

See all articles by Thi Thuy Trang Pham

Thi Thuy Trang Pham

Thu Dau Mot University

Thu Thi Nguyen

Vietnam National University of Forestry

Pham Thanh Trang

Vietnam National University of Forestry

Pham Thu Ha

Ho Chi Minh City University of Economics and Finance

Uyen TT Nguyen

Government of Thai Nguyen - Department of Natural Resources and Environment

Date Written: June 1, 2017

Abstract

Climate change adaptation is a response to global warming and climate change, that seeks to reduce the vulnerability of social and biological systems to relatively sudden change and thus offset the effects of global warming. For adaptation strategy, openness and cooperation is one major principle; the development and implementation of adaptation policies is hence accompanied by broad and diversified stakeholder participation processes. However, the engagement of stakeholder in decision-making processes for climate change adaptation has not been highlighted in many developing countries. Specifically, there is a significant lack of specific plans to integrate stakeholders into the adaptation of policy making and implementation in these parts of the world. In this paper, Vietnam is used as a case study to assess the extent of stakeholder participation into climate change adaptation policies. The results show that Vietnamese government has used the ‘top-down’ approach in their decision making process in which government bodies play the key role; communities and NGOs are only marginally involved in policy formulation and implementation; and private sectors are merely included in the implementation process. Generally, in Vietnam, although stakeholder participation have been recognized, the implementation is inadequately in the context of national climate change policies. As a consequence, the adaptation policies are unlikely to be effective in the specific contexts of different localities and may not be accepted by all stakeholders, which ultimately may limit adaptation action. It is suggested that Vietnam should promote the engagement of different stakeholders in the policy process. The lessons from Vietnam can be used by other nations when developing adaptation policies.

Keywords: Stakeholder Participation, Climate Change Adaptation, Policy Process, Vietnam

Suggested Citation

Pham, Thi Thuy Trang and Nguyen, Thu Thi and Trang, Pham Thanh and Ha, Pham Thu and Nguyen, Uyen TT, Stakeholder Participation in Climate Change Adaptation Policies: A Case in Vietnam (June 1, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3215173 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3215173

Thi Thuy Trang Pham (Contact Author)

Thu Dau Mot University ( email )

No.6, Tran Van On Street
Phu Hoa ward
Thu Dau Mot City, Binh Duong 820000
Vietnam
(0274) 382 2518 - (0274) 383 7 (Phone)

Thu Thi Nguyen

Vietnam National University of Forestry

Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
Xuan Mai town, Chuong My district
Hanoi, Hanoi 0084
Vietnam

Pham Thanh Trang

Vietnam National University of Forestry

Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
Xuan Mai town, Chuong My district
Hanoi, Hanoi 0084
Vietnam

Pham Thu Ha

Ho Chi Minh City University of Economics and Finance

59C Nguyen Dình Chieu
6th Ward, District 3
Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh 70000
Vietnam

Uyen TT Nguyen

Government of Thai Nguyen - Department of Natural Resources and Environment

132 Hoang Van Thu street
Thai Nguyen city, Thai Nguyen
Vietnam

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