Misdemeanor Records and Employment Outcomes: An Experimental Study
Posted: 11 Sep 2018
Date Written: July 17, 2018
Objectives: This study examined whether misdemeanor drug convictions impact entry-level employment outcomes.
Methods: A multifactor between subjects correspondence design was used whereby fictitious resumes are sent to employers. Resumes were randomly assigned to one of three groups: no criminal record, one-year-old misdemeanor record, and a one-year-old felony record. Resumes were also randomly assigned with a distinctively White or African American name. Job type was used as an additional predictor.
Results: Results indicate that a misdemeanor conviction significantly hinders early employment outcomes for both African American and White applicants. However, results did not show statistically significant differences in callbacks between races.
Conclusions: These results should be utilized to better inform defendants, practitioners, and policy-makers on the negative impacts of low-level convictions.
Keywords: Criminal Records; Collateral Consequences of Conviction; Employment; Reentry; Misdemeanor
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