Distributional Effects of Education on Health

41 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2018  

Silvia Barcellos

Center for Economic and Social Research (CESR)

Leandro S. Carvalho

Center for Economic and Social Research (CESR)

Patrick Turley

Harvard University

Date Written: July 19, 2018

Abstract

This paper studies distributional effects of education on health. In 1972, England, Scotland, and Wales raised their minimum school-leaving age from 15 to 16 for students born after 9/1/1957. Using a regression discontinuity design and objective health measures for 0.27 million individuals, we find that education reduced body size and increased blood pressure in middle age. The reduction in body size was concentrated at the upper tail of the distribution with a 7.5 percentage point reduction in obesity. The increase in blood pressure was concentrated at the lower tail of the distribution with no effect on stage 2 hypertension.

JEL Classification: I10, I20

Suggested Citation

Barcellos, Silvia and Carvalho, Leandro S. and Turley, Patrick, Distributional Effects of Education on Health (July 19, 2018). CESR-Schaeffer Working Paper No. 2018-002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3216644 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3216644

Silvia Barcellos (Contact Author)

Center for Economic and Social Research (CESR) ( email )

635 Downey Way
Los Angeles, CA 90089-3332
United States

Leandro S. Carvalho

Center for Economic and Social Research (CESR) ( email )

635 Downey Way
Los Angeles, CA 90089-3332
United States

Patrick Turley

Harvard University

1875 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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