Rollover Risk and Bank Lending Behavior: Evidence From Unconventional Central Bank Liquidity
43 Pages Posted: 9 Aug 2018 Last revised: 24 Aug 2018
Date Written: January 11, 2018
How does a sudden extension of bank debt maturity affect bank lending in times of crisis? We use the provision of long-term funding by the 2011 European Central Bank's (ECB) very long-term refinancing operations (vLTRO) as a quasi-natural experiment to address this question. Our analysis employs a novel dataset that matches the ECB monetary policy and market operations data with the firm credit registry and banks' security holdings in Portugal. We show that lengthening of bank debt maturity in crisis times has a positive and economically sizable impact on bank lending and the real economy. The effects are stronger on the supply of credit to smaller, younger, riskier firms and firms with shorter lending relationships. We also find that loan-level results translate to real and credit effects at the firm level. Finally, we discuss policy side-effects and show how the unrestricted liquidity provision provided incentives to banks to purchase more securities and partially substituted away from lending to the real economy.
Keywords: Bank Credit, Monetary Policy, Rollover Risk, Debt Maturity, Collateral
JEL Classification: E44, E52, E58, G21, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation