Exporting Creative and Cultural Products: Birthplace Diversity Matters!

21 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2018

See all articles by Gianluca Orefice

Gianluca Orefice

Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales (CEPII)

Gianluca Santoni

Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales (CEPII)

Date Written: July 2018

Abstract

This paper analyses the effect of birthplace diversity on exports of creative and cultural goods, for 19 OECD countries, over the period 1990–2010. By matching UNESCO's creative and cultural exports classification to trade and migration data, we find a strong positive effect of birthplace diversity on the export of creative products. In particular, a 10% increase in the birthplace diversity index implies a 4% increase in creative goods exports. These results are robust across several specifications and shed light on a potential new channel through which migrants can contribute to the host country's export performance. It is interesting to note that only diversity of secondary and tertiary educated immigrants contributes to an increase in exports of creative and cultural goods. An instrumental variables approach addresses the potential endogeneity problems and confirms our results.

Keywords: birthplace diversity, creative products, international trade, migration

Suggested Citation

Orefice, Gianluca and Santoni, Gianluca, Exporting Creative and Cultural Products: Birthplace Diversity Matters! (July 2018). The World Economy, Vol. 41, Issue 7, pp. 1867-1887, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3216839 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/twec.12649

Gianluca Orefice (Contact Author)

Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales (CEPII) ( email )

9 rue Georges Pitard
Paris Cedex 15, F-75015
France

Gianluca Santoni

Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales (CEPII) ( email )

9 rue Georges Pitard
Paris Cedex 15, F-75015
France

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