LPG as a Clean Cooking Fuel: Adoption, Use, and Impact in Rural India

Energy Policy, Forthcoming

52 Pages Posted: 9 Aug 2018  

Carlos Gould

Columbia University

Johannes Urpelainen

Johns Hopkins SAIS

Date Written: July 17, 2018

Abstract

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is by far the most popular clean cooking fuel in rural India, but how rural households use it remains poorly understood. Using the 2014-2015 ACCESS survey with over 8,500 households from six energy-poor Indian states, our study reports on results from a comprehensive survey of LPG use in rural India using a holistic approach to understanding the integration of a clean cooking fuel into rural household's energy mixes. There are three principal findings: (i) fuel costs are a critical obstacle to widespread adoption, (ii) fuel stacking is the prevailing norm as few households stop using firewood when adopting LPG, and (iii) both users and non-users have highly positive views of LPG as a convenient and clean cooking fuel. These findings show that expanding LPG use offers great promise in rural India, but affordability prevents a complete transition from traditional biomass to clean cooking fuels.

Keywords: India; energy poverty; clean cooking; technology adoption; sustained use

Suggested Citation

Gould, Carlos and Urpelainen, Johannes, LPG as a Clean Cooking Fuel: Adoption, Use, and Impact in Rural India (July 17, 2018). Energy Policy, Forthcoming . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3218131

Carlos Gould

Columbia University ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Johannes Urpelainen (Contact Author)

Johns Hopkins SAIS ( email )

1740 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036-1984
United States

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