Legal Origins, Religion and Health Outcomes: A Cross-Country Comparison of Organ Donation Laws

14 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2018

See all articles by Guillem Riambau

Guillem Riambau

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Yale-NUS College

Clin Lai

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Yale-NUS College

Boyu Lu Zhao

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Yale-NUS College

Jean Liu

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Yale-NUS College

Date Written: July 24, 2018

Abstract

This paper investigates what drives countries to legislate presumed consent --- making citizens organ donors by default unless they opt out --- instead of explicit consent. A wide range of economic, social, political, institutional, and demographic variables is used. Results reveal the following: (i) civil law predicts presumed consent, which uncovers a mechanism by which an institution that long pre-dates transplantation medicine has an impact on current health outcomes; (ii) Protestantism predicts explicit consent; and (iii) higher pro-social behavior decreases the likelihood of presumed consent. The plausible mechanisms and implications are discussed.

Keywords: Organ donation laws, presumed consent, legal origins, religion, altruism, regulation

JEL Classification: K32, I18, H8

Suggested Citation

Riambau, Guillem and Lai, Clin and Lu Zhao, Boyu and Liu, Jean, Legal Origins, Religion and Health Outcomes: A Cross-Country Comparison of Organ Donation Laws (July 24, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3218867 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3218867

Guillem Riambau (Contact Author)

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Yale-NUS College ( email )

Singapore

Clin Lai

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Yale-NUS College ( email )

Singapore

Boyu Lu Zhao

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Yale-NUS College ( email )

Singapore

Jean Liu

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Yale-NUS College ( email )

Singapore

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