Notch2 Signaling Regulates Id4 and Cell Cycle Genes to Maintain Neural Stem Cell Quiescence in the Adult Hippocampus
60 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2018 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
Neural stem cells (NSCs) in the adult hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) can be quiescent or proliferative, but how they are maintained is largely unknown. With age DG NSCs become increasingly dormant, which impinges on neuron generation. We addressed how NSC activity is controlled and found that Notch2 promotes quiescence by regulating their transition to the activated state. Notch2-ablation induces cell cycle genes and markers of active NSCs. Conversely, quiescent NSC-associated genes, including Id4, are down regulated after Notch2 deletion. We found that Notch2 binds the Id4 promoter and positively regulates transcription. Similar to Notch2, Id4 overexpression promotes DG NSC quiescence and Id4 knockdown rescues proliferation, even when Notch2 signaling is activated. We show that Notch2 regulates age-dependent DG NSC dormancy and Notch2 inhibition rejuvenates neurogenesis in the DG of aged mice. Our data indicate that a Notch2-Id4 axis promotes adult DG NSC quiescence and dormancy.
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