CRISPR-Cas9 Screens Reveal Genes Regulating a G0-Like State in Human Neural Progenitors
76 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2018 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
The coordination of developmental potential and proliferation in stem and progenitor cells is essential for mammalian development and tissue homeostasis. To better understand this coordination in human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs), we performed CRISPR-Cas9 screens and identified genes that limit their expansion. These screens revealed that knockout of growth-limiting genes, including CREBBP, NF2, PTPN14, TAOK1, or TP53, caused increased hNPC expansion via skipping of a transient G0-like state, accompanied by transcriptional reprogramming of G1 subpopulations. Hallmarks of the G0-like state included expression of genes associated with quiescent neural stem cells and neural development and molecular features found in quiescent cells (e.g., hypophosphorylated Rb, CDK2low activity, and p27high). Further, G0-skip genes act through both distinct and convergent downstream effectors, including cell cycle, Hippo-YAP, and novel targets. The results suggest that hNPC expansion is constrained by a transient G0-like state, regulated by multiple pathways, that facilitates retention of neurodevelopmental identity.
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