Single-Cell Transcriptomics Characterizes Cell Types in the Subventricular Zone and Uncovers Molecular Defects Underlying Impaired Adult Neurogenesis
49 Pages Posted: 27 Jul 2018 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
Neural stem cells (NSCs) contribute to plasticity and repair of the adult brain. Niches harboring NSCs are crucial for regulating stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. We used single-cell RNA profiling to generate an unbiased molecular atlas of all cell types in the largest neurogenic niche of the adult mouse brain, the subventricular zone (SVZ). We characterized > 20 neural and non-neural cell types and gained insights into the dynamics of neurogenesis by predicting future cell states based on computational analysis of RNA kinetics. Furthermore, we apply our single-cell approach to mice lacking LRP2, an endocytic receptor required for SVZ maintenance. The number of NSCs and proliferating progenitors was significantly reduced. Moreover, Wnt and BMP4 signaling was perturbed. We provide a valuable resource for adult neurogenesis, insights into SVZ neurogenesis regulation by LRP2, and a proof-of-principle demonstrating the power of single-cell RNA-seq in pinpointing neural cell type-specific functions in loss-of-function models.
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