Enabling Women Entrepreneurs: Exploring Factors that Mitigate the Negative Impact of Fertility Rates on Female Entrepreneurship

31 Pages Posted: 31 Jul 2018

See all articles by Nabamita Dutta

Nabamita Dutta

University of Wisconsin, La Crosse

Sushanta Mallick

Queen Mary - University of London

Date Written: August 2018

Abstract

In the wake of the global financial crisis that resulted in many business closures and given the long‐term problem of population aging in advanced countries and poverty in low‐income countries, it has become important to investigate whether new business formation by women entrepreneurs is a path to prosperity even when countries experience low fertility rates. Existing country studies suggest that female entrepreneurship can have favorable development outcomes through the channels of employment, innovation and welfare, but this paper undertakes a holistic cross‐country analysis on the determinants of female entrepreneurship, exploring the role of fertility rates in affecting female entrepreneurial outcomes. We find that the impact of fertility rate is negative and significant in influencing entrepreneurship. But factors like greater tertiary enrollment of females and higher ratios of female to male labor force participation rates can offset the negative impact of fertility rate and in fact can make the impact positive. Additionally, greater access to informal finance makes female enrollment more effective in mitigating the negative impact of fertility rate.

Suggested Citation

Dutta, Nabamita and Mallick, Sushanta K., Enabling Women Entrepreneurs: Exploring Factors that Mitigate the Negative Impact of Fertility Rates on Female Entrepreneurship (August 2018). Kyklos, Vol. 71, Issue 3, pp. 402-432, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3221401 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/kykl.12175

Nabamita Dutta (Contact Author)

University of Wisconsin, La Crosse ( email )

Dept. of Economics, 1725 State Street
La Crosse, WI 54601
United States
6087855294 (Phone)

Sushanta K. Mallick

Queen Mary - University of London ( email )

School of Business and Management
Mile End Road
London, England E1 4NS
United Kingdom
+44 20 7822 7447 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://webspace.qmul.ac.uk/skmallick/

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