Social Capital, Bank Liquidity Holdings and Bank Failure Risk
49 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2018
Date Written: March 15, 2018
This research examines whether social capital at the county level in the U.S., as captured by the strength of civic norms and density of social networks, affects the liquidity holdings and failure risk of banks headquartered in the counties. Findings here indicate that banks headquartered in counties with higher levels of social capital exhibit lower precautionary demand for liquidity holdings and lower probability of failure. Further analysis reveals that the effects of social capital on liquidity holdings and failure risk are more pronounced for small banks than large banks. In addition findings show that the relationship between bank liquidity risk and/or credit risk and liquidity holdings is less (more) pronounced for banks headquartered in the high (low) social capital counties. These results suggest that social capital plays an important role in reducing liquidity holdings by banks and mitigating bank failure risk.
Keywords: Social capital; Liquidity holdings; Failure risk; Bank size
JEL Classification: G21, G28, Z13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation