Employment, Emerging Labor Markets, and the Role of Education in Rural China

UC Davis Working Paper No. 02-001

32 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2003

See all articles by Linxiu Zhang

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Scott Rozelle

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Date Written: April 2002

Abstract

The overall goal of this paper is to contribute to the ongoing assessment of China's rural labor markets. To meet this goal, we have three specific objectives. First, we will provide an update of the trends in off-farm labor participation and wages of the sample households and examine how labor market outcomes have changed for those with different levels of education. Second, we will then seek to examine if education in different time periods - the late 1980s, the early 1990s and the mid 1990s - can be associated with increasing access to off-farm jobs. Finally, we will examine how returns to education have changed during the course of the reform era. In short, our hypotheses are that if labor markets are increasingly rewarding those with a.) better education job access; b.) easier entry; and c.) higher wages, such outcomes will count as evidence that labor markets are improving. Both the descriptive data and the multivariate analysis robustly support the findings that between the late 1980s and the mid-1990s, labor markets have improved in the sense that rural workers have been increasingly rewarded for their education.

Keywords: return to education, labor participant

JEL Classification: I21, J21

Suggested Citation

Zhang, Linxiu and Huang, Jikun and Rozelle, Scott, Employment, Emerging Labor Markets, and the Role of Education in Rural China (April 2002). UC Davis Working Paper No. 02-001, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=322223 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.322223

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy ( email )

Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ( email )

Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP)
No. Jia 11, Datun Road
Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China
+86 10 64889440 (Phone)
+86 10 64856533 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ccap.org.cn/english/ccapstaff.asp?PID=1380

Scott Rozelle (Contact Author)

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
United States
530-752-9897 (Phone)

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