Reduced Consumption for Transport Due to Population Ageing? An Analysis of Expenditures of Private Households in the European Union and Potential Implications for the Public Sector
International Public Administration Review, Vol. 15, No. 3-4/2017
23 Pages Posted: 14 Aug 2018
Date Written: December 30, 2017
The paper focuses on potential effects of the ageing of the population on consumption expenditures of private households in the field of transport. Theoretical considerations as well as previous empirical results suggest that older households consume different goods and services than younger ones due to changing preferences and needs by increasing age. Possible consequences of these changes for goods and services in the transport sector are in focus. The expenditures of European households on transport based on the national household budget surveys of the 28 member countries of the European Union are analysed. The results suggest that expenditures in transport decrease at retirement age in all considered countries. Moreover, the structure of goods and services consumed in the transport sector changes over the life cycle of a private household, with implications for the public sector due to the ageing of the population to be expected.
Keywords: household expenditures, private consumption, transportation goods and services, ageing, public transport
JEL Classification: D12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation