Self-Organisation of Third-Country Nationals in the EU: Polycentric Governance by the 'Other'
Polycentricity in the European Union (eds. Josephine Van Zeben and Ana Bobic), Cambridge University Press, Forthcoming
Posted: 17 Aug 2018
Date Written: July 31, 2018
This paper sets out to identify centres of third-country nationals’ self-organisation in the EU, specifically those centres that seek to increase their rights, and political and social influence. The discussion is placed within the framework of the theory of polycentricity, whereas the premise of this exercise is that such centres are an expression, and necessary feature, of the polycentric character of the EU. The paper confirms that third-country nationals’ self-organisation is indeed taking place in the EU by showing the paths through which it manifests itself, by examining the causes and objectives for their self-organisation, and by, finally, considering whether self-organisation of third-country nationals can be considered polycentric. The paper concludes that, since third-country nationals are usually excluded from formal political institutions and processes in the EU, it is questionable whether their self- organisation can be considered sufficiently polycentric. This suggests that polycentric governance in the EU remains reserved for ‘insiders’ – EU citizens – and a significant and growing number of individuals on the EU territory remains only partially included or even excluded. This points to a structural deficiency within the EU and raises the question whether the EU can be polycentric without including all individuals present on the EU’s territory.
Keywords: Third-Country Nationals, European Union, Self-Organisation, Self-Governance, Polycentricity
JEL Classification: K33, K37
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation