Migration and Rural Household Expenditures in the Central Highlands of Vietnam
Nguyen, D.L., Grote, U., Nguyen, T.T., 2017. Migration & Rural Household Expenditures: A case study from Vietnam. Economic Analysis & Policy 56, 163-175, doi:10.1016/j.eap.2017.09.001
29 Pages Posted: 15 Aug 2018
Date Written: 2017
This paper investigates the effects of rural-urban migration on consumption expenditure patterns of rural households of Vietnam. The econometric analysis of a 3-year panel data set of about 2,000 households (about 6000 observations) shows that rural migrant households increase their overall expenditures. Migrant households without remittances spend more on food, health care and other non-food items, but less on education of their children, while migrant households with remittances spend more on other non-food items and housing. These results indicate that remittances are not likely to promote rural development in the long-run, since migrant households spend more on non-productive items rather than on improving human capital.
Keywords: Fixed-Effects Regression; Average Treatment Effect on the Treated; Vietnam
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