Social Transformation and Violence: Evidence from U.S. Reconstruction

68 Pages Posted: 15 Aug 2018 Last revised: 23 Oct 2020

See all articles by Megan Stewart

Megan Stewart

American University - School of International Service

Karin E Kitchens

Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University - Department of Political Science

Date Written: July 31, 2018

Abstract

How do political actors create and institutionalize revolutionary social transformation, and
what are the consequences of their efforts? In this paper, we provide a framework for understanding the conditions under which revolutionary social transformation unfolds and becomes
institutionalized over time. We argue that a direct consequence of social transformation and the
institutionalization thereof, however, is violence against revolution’s beneficiaries which can
likewise endure over the long-term. We test our arguments using historical, county-level data
on post-U.S. Civil War Reconstruction and we supply both quantitative and qualitative evidence
for our mechanisms. We ultimately demonstrate that social transformation and violence are inherently linked, not mutually exclusive outcomes, thereby expanding our understanding of how
social orders are created and maintained.

Keywords: statebuilding, violence, civil war, mixed methods

Suggested Citation

Stewart, Megan and Kitchens, Karin, Social Transformation and Violence: Evidence from U.S. Reconstruction (July 31, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3223825 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3223825

Megan Stewart (Contact Author)

American University - School of International Service ( email )

4400 Massachusetts Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States

Karin Kitchens

Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University - Department of Political Science ( email )

VA
United States

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