Fighting Algo-Discrimination: Relying on AI's Learning Skills and Embedding Fair Information Principles within Machines’ Heart-Design-Specifications

AI: Law and Policy, 26-27 Nov. 2018, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem - University of Haifa

20 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2018

See all articles by George Bouchagiar

George Bouchagiar

Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT)

Maria Canellopoulou-Bottis

Information Law, DALMS, Ionian University

Date Written: May 20, 2018

Abstract

After having built private networks of knowledge, firms are aware of users’ personal data and are capable of creating systems to sort people into groups. The potential of powerful and opaque algorithms to create discriminatory biases has been widely acknowledged, and there is no explanation provided with regard to their decision-making. People ignore ways, in which their information is created or modified, and there is a need for user-centric systems to implement trust and transparency principles into machines’ design specifications. This paper studies practices that firms conduct to algorithmically reach a perfect audience. The European regime is examined to prove the discriminatory nature of these practices and support that it cannot be justified by law. Taking into account machines’ potential, but also their ability to learn and their inability to forget, proposals are submitted to avoid discrimination. Finally, conclusions are drawn to support that data-scientists, the ones capable of making data speak, could play an important role in embedding fair information principles within machines’ life cycle.

Keywords: personal data, algorithms, discrimination, decision-making

Suggested Citation

Bouchagiar, George and Canellopoulou-Bottis, Maria, Fighting Algo-Discrimination: Relying on AI's Learning Skills and Embedding Fair Information Principles within Machines’ Heart-Design-Specifications (May 20, 2018). AI: Law and Policy, 26-27 Nov. 2018, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem - University of Haifa. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3225014

George Bouchagiar (Contact Author)

Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) ( email )

P.O.Box 90153
Prof. Cobbenhagenlaan 221
Tilburg, 5037
Netherlands

Maria Canellopoulou-Bottis

Information Law, DALMS, Ionian University ( email )

7, Rizospaston Voulefton av.
49100 Corfu
Greece

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