How to Promote Institutional Reforms in the Agricultural Sector? A Case Study of Uganda's National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADs)

21 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2018

See all articles by Patience B. Rwamigisa

Patience B. Rwamigisa

Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries

Regina Birner

University of Hohenheim

Margaret Mangheni

Makerere University - Department of Extension and Innovation Studies

Arseni Semana

Mountains of the Moon University

Date Written: September 2018

Abstract

This study provides alternative explanations to the limited success of the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) programme in Uganda, which was considered a role model for a demand‐driven, decentralized and market‐oriented agricultural extension reform in Africa. The analysis shows that the reform process was shaped by the interaction of two coalitions of actors: a donor‐dominated coalition that pushed for radical reform and advocated the total overhaul of the existing structures and the creation of new ones, with the aim of changing the mindset of the extension workers and managers towards the adoption of a more efficient, farmer‐oriented and performance‐based system. The other was a domestic coalition that believed in a “gradual” or “incremental” approach to promote changes and adjustments in the existing system to make it more efficient and accountable. This group was opposed to the complete overhaul of the existing extension system—taking an apparently more conservative stance. The study shows that the exclusion of the gradual reform coalition in the design and early implementation of NAADS increased the vulnerability of the programme to political capture and governance problems.

Keywords: agricultural extension, agricultural institutions, development aid, governance, policy reform, Uganda

Suggested Citation

Rwamigisa, Patience B. and Birner, Regina and Mangheni, Margaret and Semana, Arseni, How to Promote Institutional Reforms in the Agricultural Sector? A Case Study of Uganda's National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADs) (September 2018). Development Policy Review, Vol. 36, Issue 5, pp. 607-627, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3225410 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12318

Patience B. Rwamigisa (Contact Author)

Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries ( email )

Uganda

Regina Birner

University of Hohenheim ( email )

Fruwirthstr. 48
Stuttgart, 70599
Germany

Margaret Mangheni

Makerere University - Department of Extension and Innovation Studies ( email )

P.O.Box 7062
Kampala
Uganda

Arseni Semana

Mountains of the Moon University

Fort Portal
Uganda

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