Pathbreakers? Women's Electoral Success and Future Political Participation

35 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2018

See all articles by Sonia Bhalotra

Sonia Bhalotra

University of Essex

Irma Clots‐Figueras

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Lakshmi Iyer

University of Notre Dame

Date Written: August 2018

Abstract

We investigate whether the event of women being competitively elected as state legislators encourages subsequent political participation among women. Using a regression discontinuity design on Indian constituency level data, we find that female incumbents are more likely than male incumbents to re‐contest and that there is a decline in the entry of new women candidates. This decline is most pronounced in states with entrenched gender bias and in male‐headed parties, suggesting an intensification of barriers against women in these areas. Similar results for (mostly male) Muslim candidates indicate the presence of institutionalised demand‐side barriers rather than gender‐specific preferences and constraints.

Suggested Citation

Bhalotra, Sonia and Clots‐Figueras, Irma and Iyer, Lakshmi, Pathbreakers? Women's Electoral Success and Future Political Participation (August 2018). The Economic Journal, Vol. 128, Issue 613, pp. 1844-1878, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3225414 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12492

Sonia Bhalotra (Contact Author)

University of Essex ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester, CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

Irma Clots‐Figueras

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

No Address Available

Lakshmi Iyer

University of Notre Dame ( email )

3054 Jenkins Nanovic Halls
Notre Dame, IN 46530
United States

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