Competing Identities: A Field Study of In‐Group Bias Among Professional Evaluators

29 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2018

See all articles by Anna Sandberg

Anna Sandberg

Stockholm University - Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)

Date Written: August 2018

Abstract

I use data from the Olympic sport of dressage to explore in‐group biases among judges. Dressage – the only international sport with subjective performance evaluations in which men and women compete as equals – provides a rare opportunity to identify multiple in‐group biases in the same naturally occurring setting. While, on average, judges are not biased in favour of either gender, they exhibit substantial biases in favour of (i) athletes of their own nationality, and (ii) athletes of the same nationality as the other judges in the competition. Heterogeneity across competitions suggests that biases increase as group identity becomes more salient.

Suggested Citation

Sandberg, Anna, Competing Identities: A Field Study of In‐Group Bias Among Professional Evaluators (August 2018). The Economic Journal, Vol. 128, Issue 613, pp. 2131-2159, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3225461 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12513

Anna Sandberg (Contact Author)

Stockholm University - Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI) ( email )

Stockholm University
SE-106 91 Stockholm
Sweden

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