Asset Pricing with Heterogeneous and Constrained Investors
40 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2018 Last revised: 24 May 2019
Date Written: August 3, 2018
We analyze the joint effect of borrowing and short-sale constraints in a dynamic economy populated by two constrained investors with heterogeneous risk aversions and beliefs. We find that equilibrium prices adjust in such a way that the constraints never simultaneously bind. When the constraints are tight, we observe a regime switch behavior (discontinuities) in the risk-free rate and market price of risk at a critical state, where two equilibria exist, i.e., either constraint can be binding. Stock return volatility is the lowest at the critical state. Imposing a ban on short-sales at the same time when access to credit is restrictive or tightening borrowing during a short-sale ban can potentially move the equilibrium away from the critical state, thus increase stock return volatility rather than reducing it.
Keywords: Heterogeneous Investors; Borrowing Constraints; Short-Sale Constraints; Volatility; Regime Switch
JEL Classification: C61; D51; G11; G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation