Building Inventory and Refurbishment Scenario Database Development for Switzerland

14 Pages Posted: 6 Aug 2018

See all articles by York Ostermeyer

York Ostermeyer

Sustainable Building Group at Chalmers University of Technology

Claudio Nägeli

Sustainable Building Group at Chalmers University of Technology

Niko Heeren

ETH Zurich - Institute of Environmental Engineering

Holger Wallbaum

Sustainable Building Group at Chalmers University of Technology

Date Written: August 2018

Abstract

Material usage and the related embodied environmental impact have grown in significance in the built environment. Therefore, cities and governments need to develop strategies to reduce both the consumption of resources during usage phase as well as the embodied impact of the current building stock. This article proposes a new component‐based building inventory database as a basis to develop such strategies using building stock modeling. The developed database clusters the building stock according to building typology (single‐family houses, multifamily houses, and office buildings), age, and the main construction systems of the different building components. Based on the component makeup, it lists the necessary material input and waste output for different refurbishment options for each building component. The advantages of the proposed database structure are shown based on two applications for the developed database for Switzerland. The component‐based database allows optimization of refurbishment strategies not only from an energetic perspective, but also with respect to materials, both on the input (sourcing of materials) and the output (waste streams) level. The database structure makes it possible to continuously extend the data set by adding new refurbishment options or add data such as component‐specific lifetimes, costs, or labor intensities of the refurbishment options. In combination with an aligned economic model, this would give an even more holistic view, impact, and feasibility of different refurbishment scenarios both in environmental and economic terms.

Keywords: building component, building stock modeling, embodied environmental impact, industrial ecology, material usage, refurbishment database

Suggested Citation

Ostermeyer, York and Nägeli, Claudio and Heeren, Niko and Wallbaum, Holger, Building Inventory and Refurbishment Scenario Database Development for Switzerland (August 2018). Journal of Industrial Ecology, Vol. 22, Issue 4, pp. 629-642, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3226020 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12616

York Ostermeyer (Contact Author)

Sustainable Building Group at Chalmers University of Technology ( email )

Gothenburg
Sweden

Claudio Nägeli

Sustainable Building Group at Chalmers University of Technology

Gothenburg
Sweden

Niko Heeren

ETH Zurich - Institute of Environmental Engineering

Rämistrasse 101
ZUE F7
Zürich, 8092
Switzerland

Holger Wallbaum

Sustainable Building Group at Chalmers University of Technology

Gothenburg
Sweden

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
1
Abstract Views
64
PlumX Metrics