Measuring Access to Higher Education: Development and Validation of Scale
PAKISTAN BUSINESS REVIEW OCT 2017
17 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2018
Date Written: 2017
The present study is an endeavor to develop and validate Access to Higher Education Scale (AHES) by administering it in a stratified sample of 51 predominantly third years’ bachelors program students enrolled in newly established distant campuses in rural areas of Sindh, Pakistan. Exploratory factor analysis was carried out to analyze the data. This revealed good reliability and validity of scale and identified a two factor model. The data were further used to undertake confirmatory factor analysis. Results confirmed the reliability and validity of the scale. This study also used three other scales i.e. Teachers Support, Self-perceived Employability and Psychological Wellbeing for the validity of AHES. Shorter versions of these scales were confirmed through their adequate reliability and validity. Scholars in education and human resource management field can further use these scales to measure students’ outcome of graduate employability and psychological wellbeing.
Keywords: Access to Higher Education, Teachers’ Support, Self- Perceived Employability, Psychological Well-Being, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Confirmatory factor analysis, Pakistan
JEL Classification: Z 000
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