Measuring Access to Higher Education: Development and Validation of Scale

PAKISTAN BUSINESS REVIEW OCT 2017

17 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2018

See all articles by Haroon Bakari

Haroon Bakari

University of Sidh, Jamshoro

Ahmed Imran Hunjra

University of Waikato; Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi (PMAS)

Saman Attiq

University of Wah (UOW) - Department of Management Sciences

Date Written: 2017

Abstract

The present study is an endeavor to develop and validate Access to Higher Education Scale (AHES) by administering it in a stratified sample of 51 predominantly third years’ bachelors program students enrolled in newly established distant campuses in rural areas of Sindh, Pakistan. Exploratory factor analysis was carried out to analyze the data. This revealed good reliability and validity of scale and identified a two factor model. The data were further used to undertake confirmatory factor analysis. Results confirmed the reliability and validity of the scale. This study also used three other scales i.e. Teachers Support, Self-perceived Employability and Psychological Wellbeing for the validity of AHES. Shorter versions of these scales were confirmed through their adequate reliability and validity. Scholars in education and human resource management field can further use these scales to measure students’ outcome of graduate employability and psychological wellbeing.

Keywords: Access to Higher Education, Teachers’ Support, Self- Perceived Employability, Psychological Well-Being, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Confirmatory factor analysis, Pakistan

JEL Classification: Z 000

Suggested Citation

Bakari, Haroon and Hunjra, Ahmed Imran and Attiq, Saman, Measuring Access to Higher Education: Development and Validation of Scale (2017). PAKISTAN BUSINESS REVIEW OCT 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3229756

Haroon Bakari

University of Sidh, Jamshoro ( email )

Jamshoro, Sindh
Pakistan
3332541958 (Phone)
3332541958 (Fax)

Ahmed Imran Hunjra (Contact Author)

University of Waikato ( email )

Te Raupapa
Private Bag 3105
Hamilton, 3240
New Zealand

Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi (PMAS) ( email )

Muree Road Rawalpindi
Shamsabad, Punjab 44000
Pakistan
00923457162527 (Phone)

Saman Attiq

University of Wah (UOW) - Department of Management Sciences

Punjab
Pakistan

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