Do Laws Shape Attitudes? Evidence from Same-Sex Relationship Recognition Policies in Europe
20 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2018
Date Written: August 10, 2018
Do laws shape or simply reflect society’s attitudes? This paper provides new evidence on this question by studying the relationship between legal same-sex relationship recognition policies and attitudes towards sexual minorities in Europe. We show that when relationships are recognised by law, there is a statistically significant increase in favourable attitudes towards sexual minorities. These effects are widespread across demographic groups, emerge only after the policies are adopted, and are not observed for views on other social issues. Our results suggest that laws can exert a powerful influence on societal attitudes.
Keywords: Public opinion; same-sex relationship recognition policies; LGBT attitudes
JEL Classification: F5; K36
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