The State Con-Con Papers

168 Pages Posted: 15 Nov 2021

See all articles by J. H. Snider

J. H. Snider

The State Constitutional Convention Clearinghouse

Date Written: November 8, 2021


The State Con-Con Papers includes a collection of J.H. Snider’s 54 state-specific brief essays (“op-eds”) on the history, democratic function, and politics of the periodic state constitutional convention referendum, which is mandated by 14 U.S. state constitutions. The op-eds, organized chronologically, cover five of the most recent referendums: Iowa (2020), Hawaii (2018), New York (2017), Rhode Island (2014), and Maryland (2010). In each of these five states, the convention referendum is the only constitutional mechanism that allows the people—the constituent power—to bypass the state legislature’s gatekeeping power over constitutional amendment; that is, the constitutional initiative is not an option. The next three periodic constitutional convention referendums are in Alaska (2022), Missouri (2022), and New Hampshire (2022). Of these three, only Missouri has the constitutional initiative. The State Con-Con Papers concludes with several essays that provide an overview of con-con politics.

Keywords: constitution, constitutional convention, constitutional convention referendum, state constitutional convention, periodic state constitutional convention referendum

JEL Classification: K00

Suggested Citation

Snider, J. H., The State Con-Con Papers (November 8, 2021). Available at SSRN: or

J. H. Snider (Contact Author)

The State Constitutional Convention Clearinghouse ( email )

United States
(202) 540-0505 (Phone)

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