Electoral Contestation: A Comprehensive Polity-Level Analysis

57 Pages Posted: 15 Aug 2018

See all articles by John Gerring

John Gerring

University of Texas at Austin

Allen Hicken

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Political Science

Daniel Weitzel

University of Texas at Austin

Lee Cojocaru

Boston University - Department of Political Science

Date Written: August 2018

Abstract

The study of electoral contestation generally focuses on districts or regions rather than polities. We present a new dataset that measures electoral contestation through historical records of elections in sovereign and semi-sovereign polities throughout the world from 1789 to the present. We also offer a new index of contestation intended to capture multiple dimensions of this complex concept. Our second objective is to explain variation across polities and through time in electoral contestation. We argue that the degree of contestation in a polity is affected by demography, with larger polities fostering greater electoral contestation. This hypothesis is tested with a series of cross-national regression tests that employ a variety of specifications and estimators – crosssectional, fixed-effect, and instrumental variable. We find a robust association between population and contestation extending throughout the modern era.

Suggested Citation

Gerring, John and Hicken, Allen and Weitzel, Daniel and Cojocaru, Lee, Electoral Contestation: A Comprehensive Polity-Level Analysis (August 2018). V-Dem Working Paper 2018:73. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3230670 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3230670

John Gerring (Contact Author)

University of Texas at Austin ( email )

2317 Speedway
Austin, TX 78712
United States

Allen Hicken

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Political Science ( email )

Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

Daniel Weitzel

University of Texas at Austin ( email )

2317 Speedway
Austin, TX 78712
United States

Lee Cojocaru

Boston University - Department of Political Science ( email )

United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
22
Abstract Views
159
PlumX Metrics