The Organised Crime-Terrorism Nexus: How to Address the Issue of ISIS Benefitting From Lucrative Criminal Activities?
Forthcoming in 'Dealing with terrorism. Empirical and normative challenges of fighting the Islamic State' (Marc Engelhart and Sunčana Roksandić Vidlička, Eds.), Berlin: Duncker&Humblot, 2018
27 Pages Posted: 30 Aug 2018
Date Written: August 2018
There are growing concerns about an evolving relationship between terrorism and organised crime, called the “terrorist-criminal nexus” or “crime-terror nexus”. This posited nexus is the principal reason for policy-makers’ growing calls for the use of measures originally adopted with the aim of combatting organised crime in order to fight terrorism in general and ISIS in particular. Another contributory factor is the alleged inefficiency of the existing legal framework to prevent and suppress terrorism; given the weaknesses of this framework, so the logic goes, the use of instruments originally designed for organised crime in relation to terrorism ought to be encouraged. Both arguments are based on the assumption that the distinction between terrorism and organised crime is blurring and that they can be compared if not assimilated. This contributionchapter shall begin by examining the above assumption and its empirical basis. It shall then demonstrate that the assumption is justified only to a certain extent and will argue that a criminal policy against organised crime ought only to be used indirectly against terrorism through targeted measures in specific domains.
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