The Organised Crime-Terrorism Nexus: How to Address the Issue of ISIS Benefitting From Lucrative Criminal Activities?

Forthcoming in 'Dealing with terrorism. Empirical and normative challenges of fighting the Islamic State' (Marc Engelhart and Sunčana Roksandić Vidlička, Eds.), Berlin: Duncker&Humblot, 2018

University of Luxembourg Law Working Paper No. 2018-009

27 Pages Posted: 30 Aug 2018

See all articles by Katalin Ligeti

Katalin Ligeti

Universite du Luxembourg - Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance

Maxime Lassalle

University Paris Nanterre; University of Luxembourg - Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance; Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law

Date Written: August 2018

Abstract

There are growing concerns about an evolving relationship between terrorism and organised crime, called the “terrorist-criminal nexus” or “crime-terror nexus”. This posited nexus is the principal reason for policy-makers’ growing calls for the use of measures originally adopted with the aim of combatting organised crime in order to fight terrorism in general and ISIS in particular. Another contributory factor is the alleged inefficiency of the existing legal framework to prevent and suppress terrorism; given the weaknesses of this framework, so the logic goes, the use of instruments originally designed for organised crime in relation to terrorism ought to be encouraged. Both arguments are based on the assumption that the distinction between terrorism and organised crime is blurring and that they can be compared if not assimilated. This contributionchapter shall begin by examining the above assumption and its empirical basis. It shall then demonstrate that the assumption is justified only to a certain extent and will argue that a criminal policy against organised crime ought only to be used indirectly against terrorism through targeted measures in specific domains.

Suggested Citation

Ligeti, Katalin and Lassalle, Maxime, The Organised Crime-Terrorism Nexus: How to Address the Issue of ISIS Benefitting From Lucrative Criminal Activities? (August 2018). University of Luxembourg Law Working Paper No. 2018-009; University of Luxembourg Law Working Paper No. 2018-009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3230795 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3230795

Katalin Ligeti (Contact Author)

Universite du Luxembourg - Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance ( email )

162a, avenue de la Faïencerie
Luxembourg-Limpertsberg, L-1511
Luxembourg

Maxime Lassalle

University Paris Nanterre ( email )

200 avenue de la république
Nanterre
France

University of Luxembourg - Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance

4, rue Alphonse Weicker
Luxembourg, L-2721
Luxembourg

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law ( email )

73 Guenterstalstr.
Freiburg i. Br., 79100
Germany

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