Municipal Governance, Environmental Management and Disaster Risk Reduction in Developing Countries: Comparative Analysis and Lessons from Chile
40 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2018
Date Written: April 4, 2017
We draw on neo-institutional theories to understand the impact of local governance performance, government decisions, social capital, and their role in driving local efforts to reduce risks associated with climate change and future disasters. We propose that institutional municipal arrangements and characteristics such as national policies, multilevel governance dynamics, availability of internal regulations, organisational structure, personnel, transparency, social participation and synergistic relationships between social organisations and the municipality influence the balance of costs and benefits, and local government decisions and investments. Using data from Chilean municipalities during 2009 – 2014, we test our hypotheses. Our results show that municipalities with strong political alignment with upper-level government, inclusive decision-making, and multilevel-governance incentives tend to devote more resources to disaster risk reduction.
Keywords: Climate Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction, Local Governments, Institutional Arrangements, Chile
JEL Classification: H72
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation