A Cultural Perspective on Gender Inequity in STEM: The Japanese Context

Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 11, 301-309, June 2018

12 Pages Posted: 27 Aug 2018

See all articles by Katsuhiko Yoshikawa

Katsuhiko Yoshikawa

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) - Antai College of Economics and Management

Akiko Kokubo

University of Shizuoka

Chia‐Huei Wu

Durham University

Date Written: June 16, 2018

Abstract

To understand gender inequality in STEM, Miner et al. (the focal paper) illustrate how an individual lens and a social-structural lens provide complementary perspectives. They indicate that gender inequality in STEM should not be simply understood from an individual lens concerning individual choices and responsibilities but also a social-structural lens concerning societal structures, processes, and meanings associated with gender. In this commentary, we would like to bring a cultural perspective to the consideration of the STEM field. Specifically, we focus on gender inequity in STEM in Japan and elaborate how Japanese culture, which emphasizes masculinity, collectivism, and a tight culture, imposes a stronger social-structural influence on gender inequality in STEM and at the same time strengthens the use of the individual lens to explain the phenomena, making the issue of gender inequality more prominent.

Suggested Citation

Yoshikawa, Katsuhiko and Kokubo, Akiko and Wu, Chia‐Huei, A Cultural Perspective on Gender Inequity in STEM: The Japanese Context (June 16, 2018). Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 11, 301-309, June 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3232947

Katsuhiko Yoshikawa (Contact Author)

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) - Antai College of Economics and Management ( email )

No.535 Fahuazhen Road
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Shanghai, Shanghai 200052
China

Akiko Kokubo

University of Shizuoka ( email )

Shizuoka
Japan

Chia‐Huei Wu

Durham University ( email )

Old Elvet
Mill Hill Lane
Durham, Durham DH1 3HP
United Kingdom

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