The Effects of Sexism on American Women: The Role of Norms vs. Discrimination

54 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2018

See all articles by Kerwin Kofi Charles

Kerwin Kofi Charles

University of Chicago; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Jonathan Guryan

Northwestern University - Human Development and Social Policy (HDSP) Program; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Jessica Pan

National University of Singapore (NUS)

Date Written: July 12, 2018

Abstract

We study how reported sexism in the population affects American women. Fixed effects and TSLS estimates show that higher prevailing sexism where she was born (background sexism) and where she currently lives (residential sexism) both lower a woman’s wages, labor force participation and ages of marriage and childbearing. We argue that background sexism affects outcomes through the influence of previously internalized norms, and that estimated associations regarding specific percentiles and male versus female sexism suggest that residential sexism affects labor market outcomes through prejudice-based discrimination by men, and non-labor market outcomes through the influence of current norms of other women.

Suggested Citation

Charles, Kerwin Kofi and Guryan, Jonathan and Pan, Jessica, The Effects of Sexism on American Women: The Role of Norms vs. Discrimination (July 12, 2018). University of Chicago, Becker Friedman Institute for Economics Working Paper No. 2018-56, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3233788 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3233788

Kerwin Kofi Charles (Contact Author)

University of Chicago ( email )

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Chicago, IL 60637
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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
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Jonathan Guryan

Northwestern University - Human Development and Social Policy (HDSP) Program ( email )

2046 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Jessica Pan

National University of Singapore (NUS) ( email )

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NUHS Tower Block Level 7
Singapore, 119228
Singapore

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