Fostering, Child Welfare, and Ethnic Cultural Values

31 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2018

See all articles by Eliane Badaoui

Eliane Badaoui

University of Cergy-Pontoise - THEMA

Lucia Mangiavacchi

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche

Abstract

This article examines the effects of fostering on children's labour supply and schooling in host families in Niger. The focus is on the causal role of ethnic inherited cultural values and behaviours in perpetuating fostering. In particular, at the ethnic group level, we rely on the inherited level of community integration, the situation of frequent interethnic violence, and an indicator of great importance attributed to foster parents. We specify a simultaneous equations model with three outcomes for children (school attendance, hours of market work and hours of domestic work) and a treatment variable (fostering).The results show that foster children are more likely to attend school and to have longer hours of domestic work than biological children. Importantly, we find evidence of a schooling fostering for boys and a domestic fostering for girls. We provide heterogeneous effects for different samples and test the robustness of the results to different empirical specifications. All in all, ethnic inherited values and behaviours are found to have an important causal effect on children's welfare.

Keywords: child fostering, culture, child labour, domestic work, schooling, Niger

JEL Classification: J13, J22, O12, C34

Suggested Citation

Badaoui, Eliane and Mangiavacchi, Lucia, Fostering, Child Welfare, and Ethnic Cultural Values. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11691. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3234214

Eliane Badaoui (Contact Author)

University of Cergy-Pontoise - THEMA ( email )

33 boulevard du port
F-95011 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex, 95011
France

Lucia Mangiavacchi

University of Florence - Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche ( email )

Florence 50127
Italy

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