Commuting Time and Sick-Day Absence of US Workers

25 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2018  

José Ignacio Giménez

University of Zaragoza

Jose Alberto Molina

University of Zaragoza - Department of Economic Analysis; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Jorge Velilla

University of Zaragoza

Abstract

This paper analyzes the relationship between commuting time and sick-day absence of US workers. Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics for the years 2011, 2013, and 2015, we find that a 1% increase in the daily commute of male workers is associated with an increase of around 0.018% in sick-day absences per year. In the case of women, the relationship is not significant. These results hold after controlling for individual fixed effects and socio-demographic characteristics, changes in jobs and places of residence, and differences in the self-reported health status of workers. By determining how commuting time is related to sickness absenteeism, we shed light on the relationship between commuting behavior and workers' health-related outcomes, measured by their labour supply.

Keywords: commuting time, sickness absence, health-related outcomes, labour supply

JEL Classification: I10, J22, R2, R40

Suggested Citation

Giménez, José Ignacio and Molina, Jose Alberto and Velilla, Jorge, Commuting Time and Sick-Day Absence of US Workers. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11700. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3234223

José Ignacio Giménez (Contact Author)

University of Zaragoza ( email )

Gran Via 2
Zaragoza, 50005
Spain

Jose Alberto Molina Chueca

University of Zaragoza - Department of Economic Analysis ( email )

50005 Zaragoza
Spain

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Jorge Velilla

University of Zaragoza

Gran Via 2
Zaragoza, 50005
Spain

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