Socio-Economic Inequalities in Tobacco Consumption of the Older Adults in China: A Decomposition Method

20 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2018

See all articles by Yafei Si

Yafei Si

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

Zhongliang Zhou

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

Min Su

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

Xiao Wang

Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (XJTLU)

Shuyi He

Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (XJTLU)

Dan Li

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

Dan Wang

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

Shuyi He

Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (XJTLU)

Zihan Hong

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

Xi Chen

Department of Health Policy and Management; Yale University - Department of Economics; Yale University - Yale Institution for Social and Policy Studies; IZA

Abstract

In China, tobacco consumption is a leading risk factor for non-communicable diseases, and understanding the pattern of socio-economic inequalities of tobacco consumption will, thus, help to develop targeted policies of public health control. Data came from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study in 2013, involving 17,663 respondents aged 45 and above. Tobacco use prevalence and tobacco use quantities were defined for further analysis. Using the concentration index (CI) and its decomposition, socio-economic inequalities of tobacco consumption grouped by gender were estimated. The concentration index of tobacco use prevalence was 0.044 (men 0.041; women −0.039).The concentration index of tobacco use quantities among smokers was 0.039 (men 0.033; women 0.038). The majority of the inequality could be explained by educational attainment, age, area, and economic quantiles. Tobacco consumption was more common among richer compared to poorer people in China. Gender, educational attainments, age, areas, and economic quantiles were strong predictors of tobacco consumption in China. Public health policies need to be targeted towards men in higher economic quantiles with lower educational attainment, and divorced or widowed women, especially in urban areas of China.

Keywords: tobacco consumption, inequality, concentration index, decomposition, China

JEL Classification: I12, I14, J14

Suggested Citation

Si, Yafei and Zhou, Zhongliang and Su, Min and Wang, Xiao and He, Shuyi and Li, Dan and Wang, Dan and He, Shuyi and Hong, Zihan and Chen, Xi, Socio-Economic Inequalities in Tobacco Consumption of the Older Adults in China: A Decomposition Method. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11708. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3234231

Yafei Si (Contact Author)

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

Shaanxi, 710049
China

Zhongliang Zhou

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

Min Su

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

26 Xianning W Rd.
Xi'an Jiao Tong University
Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049
China

Xiao Wang

Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (XJTLU)

111 Ren'ai Road
Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123
China

Shuyi He

Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (XJTLU)

111 Ren'ai Road
Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123
China

Dan Li

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

26 Xianning W Rd.
Xi'an Jiao Tong University
Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049
China

Dan Wang

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)

26 Xianning W Rd.
Xi'an Jiao Tong University
Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049
China

Shuyi He

Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University (XJTLU)

111 Ren'ai Road
Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123
China

Zihan Hong

Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU) ( email )

26 Xianning W Rd.
Xi'an Jiao Tong University
Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049
China

Xi Chen

Department of Health Policy and Management ( email )

60 College St
New Haven, CT 06520
United States

Yale University - Department of Economics ( email )

28 Hillhouse Ave
New Haven, CT 06520-8268
United States

Yale University - Yale Institution for Social and Policy Studies ( email )

77 Prospect Street
New Haven, CT 06520
United States

HOME PAGE: http://isps.yale.edu/team/xi-chen

IZA ( email )

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