The Role of Background Factors for Reading Literacy: Straight National Scores in the PISA 2000 Study

19 Pages Posted: 29 Aug 2002

See all articles by Michael Fertig

Michael Fertig

Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI Essen); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Christoph M. Schmidt

RWI - Leibniz-Insitut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI Essen); Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Date Written: August 2002

Abstract

Based on the individual-level data of the PISA 2000 study, this note provides a detailed econometric analysis of the way that reading test scores are associated with individual and family background information and with characteristics of the school and class of the 15 to 16 year old respondents to the survey. Based on our quantile regressions, we interpret the national performance scores conditional on these observable characteristics, as the reflection of different education systems. Our findings suggest that US students, particularly those in the lower quantiles, are served relatively unsatisfactorily by their system of education. Moreover, part of the potential for improvement seems to involve measurable aspects which could be altered and monitored easily.

Keywords: Reading Literacy, School Resources, Quantile Regression

JEL Classification: I21, I28

Suggested Citation

Fertig, Michael and Schmidt, Christoph M., The Role of Background Factors for Reading Literacy: Straight National Scores in the PISA 2000 Study (August 2002). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=323599

Michael Fertig (Contact Author)

Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI Essen) ( email )

Hohenzollernstrasse 1-3
45128 Essen
Germany
++49 (201) 8149-201 (Phone)
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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Christoph M. Schmidt

RWI - Leibniz-Insitut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI Essen) ( email )

Hohenzollernstraße 1-3
Essen, 45128
Germany
++49 201 8149-227 (Phone)
++49 201 8149-236 (Fax)

Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB)

GC 2/150
Universitätsstr. 150
D-44780 Bochum
Germany

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

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