Values that Shape Hierarchies: Group Culture and Individuals' Status in Organizations

31 Pages Posted: 26 Aug 2002

See all articles by Sandra Spataro

Sandra Spataro

Cornell University - Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management

Cameron Anderson

University of California, Berkeley - Organizational Behavior & Industrial Relations Group; University of California, Berkeley

Date Written: July 30, 2002

Abstract

Many status theories propose a link between a group's values and its status hierarchy, whereby individuals who possess characteristics that embody group values are accorded higher status. We tested this idea in three organizations with different task- and social-orientations, relating Big Five personality traits to peer-rated informal status. As hypothesized, Conscientiousness better predicted status than Extraversion in a more task oriented organization, but Extraversion better predicted status in a more socially oriented organization; both traits predicted status in an organization equally task and socially oriented. Further, Neuroticism predicted lower status in a socially oriented group, where presumably, negative emotion was particularly disruptive to social relationships. Taken together, these findings provide the most direct evidence of a link between groups' values and their hierarchies.

Keywords: Status, Power, Personality, Group Values, Big Five, Hierarchy, Groups, Organizations, Organizational Culture

JEL Classification: M5, M54

Suggested Citation

Spataro, Sandra and Anderson, Cameron P., Values that Shape Hierarchies: Group Culture and Individuals' Status in Organizations (July 30, 2002). Yale SOM Working Paper No. OB-05. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=323663 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.323663

Sandra Spataro (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States
607-255-4961 (Phone)
607-254-4590 (Fax)

Cameron P. Anderson

University of California, Berkeley - Organizational Behavior & Industrial Relations Group ( email )

University of California, Berkeley ( email )

310 Barrows Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

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