Navigating Disaster: An Empirical Study of Federal Assistance Following Hurricane Sandy

18 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2018

See all articles by Laura Grube

Laura Grube

George Mason University

Rosemarie Fike

Texas Christian University

Virgil Storr

George Mason University

Date Written: July 2017

Abstract

Federal disaster assistance should only compensate disaster victims for the damage sustained. Using zip code-level data on federal disaster assistance, this paper examines the FEMA Individuals and Households Program following Hurricane Sandy. We show that the extent of the damage does appear to explain much of the differences in the size of the federal disaster award that individuals receive. However, other factors, including percentage of foreign-born and the educational attainment levels of individuals in a community, also explain damage assessments and assistance levels. We argue that complexities in the application process may have disadvantaged foreign-born and less educated applicants.

Keywords: Hurricane Sandy, disaster assistance, FEMA, vulnerable populations

Suggested Citation

Grube, Laura and Fike, Rosemarie and Storr, Virgil, Navigating Disaster: An Empirical Study of Federal Assistance Following Hurricane Sandy (July 2017). Eastern Economic Journal, Vol. 44, Issue 4, 2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3236640 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41302-017-0098-x

Laura Grube (Contact Author)

George Mason University ( email )

4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States

Rosemarie Fike

Texas Christian University ( email )

Fort Worth, TX 76129
United States

Virgil Storr

George Mason University

4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States

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