An Experimental Test of the Validity of Survey-Measured Political Ideology
36 Pages Posted: 28 Aug 2018
Date Written: July 09, 2018
We examine the predictive validity of survey-measured left-right political ideology by testing whether this measure is able to explain observed choices regarding equality versus efficiency. We study this in a real-effort distribution experiment, in which decision-makers allocate money equally or efficiently. We distinguish between decision-makers that receive ‘manna-from-heaven’ and decision-makers that have earned the money to be distributed in a real effort task. We find that, conditional on entitlement concerns, self-reported right-wing ideology significantly predicts preferences for efficiency. Reported left-wing ideology does not have predictive value in explaining preferences for equality.
Keywords: political ideology, survey measurement, predictive validity, distribution experiment, real effort
JEL Classification: C910, D310
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation